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Edibles

Enjoy some fruit from your very own tree/shrub!

 

 

Click here for a downloadable version of our ’Berry Basics’ brochure!

Click here for a downloadable version of our ’Unique Berries’ brochure!

Click here for a downloadable version of the Haskap pollination chart!

These self-pollinating shrubs are known for their thorny branches and suckering habit, and are often used for naturalization. They prefer well-drained, organically rich soil.

Uses:
Fresh eating, freezing, jams/jellies, baking/desserts, herbal & medicinal.

Double Delight Raspberry (Rubus idaeus ’Double Delight’)

A hardy, multistem deciduous shrub with an upright, spreading habit of growth. Large, firm, ruby red, edible berries, with an excellent flavour. Ripens late august to late September. Produces fruit on new growth. Excellent for fresh eating, making jams and jellies, and cooking and baking. Prune canes to the ground in late fall. Best planted in hedge rows for maximum fruit production. Features green foliage throughout the season, turning to a yellow colour in fall. Higher yields with two varieties.

Features:

  • Spread: 4 - 5’
  • Height: 2 - 5’
  • Zone: 3
  • Taste: Tart/sweet
  • Fruit size: Large
  • Colour: Dark red
  • Fruit Ripens: Late August - late September 
  • Sharp thorns
  • Produces suckers
  • Self-pollinating
  • Attracts birds

Optimal Growing Conditions:

  • Plant in a full sun location
  • Prefers average to moist conditions and should not be allowed to dry out
  • Somewhat tolerant of urban pollution

Maintenance:

  • High maintenance
  • Best pruned in late winter or early spring once the threat of extreme cold has passed
  • Prune canes to the ground after harvesting

Native Raspberry (Rubus idaeus)

Hardy native shrub primarily used for reclamation and barriers. White blooms, green serrated leaflets and arching, prickly red canes. Cut 2nd year canes to ground in fall.

Features:

  • Spread: 3’
  • Height: 2’
  • Zone: 2
  • Taste: Tart
  • Fruit size: Small
  • Colour: Red
  • Fruit Ripens: Summer
  • Yellow fall color
  • Sharp thorns
  • Self-pollinating

Optimal Growing Conditions:

  • Plant in a full sun to partial shade location
  • Requires well-drained soil and will not tolerate standing water
  • has a definite preference for acidic soil
  • Somewhat tolerant of urban pollution

Maintenance:

  • Regular maintenance
  • Best pruned in late winter or early spring once the threat of extreme cold has passed
  • Regular pruning and dead-heading required

Boyne Raspberry (Rubus idaeus ’Boyne’)

A hardy, multi-stem deciduous shrub with an upright, spreading habit of growth. Large, firm, ruby red, edible berries in mid-summer, on second year canes. Used for fresh eating, freezing, canning, and desserts. Cut old canes out after harvesting. Features green foliage throughout the season, turning to a yellow colour in fall. Higher yields with two varieties.

Features:

  • Spread: 6’
  • Height: 4’
  • Zone: 2
  • Taste: Tart/sweet
  • Fruit size: Medium
  • Colour: Medium - dark red
  • Fruit Ripens: Early-mid season
  • Yellow fall colour
  • Sharp thorns
  • Self-pollinating
  • Attracts birds

Optimal Growing Conditions:

  • Plant in a full sun location
  • Prefers average to moist conditions and should not be allowed to dry out
  • Somewhat tolerant of urban pollution

Maintenance:

  • High maintenance
  • Best pruned in late winter or early spring once the threat of extreme cold has passed
  • Prune canes to the ground after harvesting

Red River Raspberry (Rubus idaeus ’Red River’)

A hardy, multistem deciduous shrub with an upright, spreading habit of growth. Slightly smaller in stature. Large, firm, ruby red, edible berries, with a delicious flavour. Produces fruit from early august until frost. Produces fruit on new growth. Excellent for fresh eating, making jams and jellies, and cooking, and baking. Prune canes to the ground in late fall. Best planted in hedge rows for maximum fruit production. Features green foliage throughout the season, turning to a yellow colour in fall. Higher yields with two varieties.

Features:

  • Spread: 3’
  • Height: 3’
  • Zone: 3
  • Taste: Tart/sweet
  • Fruit size: Medium
  • Colour: Red
  • Fruit Ripens: Mid summer - frost
  • Yellow fall color
  • Sharp thorns
  • Self-pollinating
  • Attracts birds

Optimal Growing Conditions:

  • Plant in a full sun location
  • Prefers average to moist conditions and should not be allowed to dry out
  • Somewhat tolerant of urban pollution

Maintenance:

  • High maintenance
  • Best pruned in late winter or early spring once the threat of extreme cold has passed
  • Prune canes to the ground after harvesting

Heritage Raspberry (Rubus idaeus ’Heritage’)

Cold-hardy and produces fruit on new wood. Cut 2nd year canes to the ground in fall.

Features:

  • Spread: 6.5’
  • Height: 40 - 60"
  • Zone: 2
  • Taste: Tart/sweet
  • Fruit size: Large
  • Colour: Bright red
  • Fruit Ripens: Early summer to fall

These compact shrubs prefer moist acidic soil, and provide better yields with cross-pollination.

Uses:
Fresh eating, freezing, jams/jellies, baking/desserts.

Chippewa Blueberry (Vaccinium ’Chippewa’)

A hardy, compact, multistem deciduous shrub with an upright, spreading habit of growth. Produces dainty clusters of white-pink, bell-shaped flowers in mid-spring. Large, light blueberries ripen earlier than other varieties. Good producer of sweet fruit in mid-summer. Excellent for eating fresh, cooking, baking, and making jams and jellies. Features glossy green foliage throughout the season, turning to a bright orange-red colour in fall. Requires a different selection of the same species in order to pollinate.

Features:

  • Spread: 3’
  • Height: 3’
  • Zone: 3
  • Taste: Sweet
  • Fruit size: Large
  • Colour: Blue
  • Fruit Ripens: Mid summer
  • Attracts birds

Optimal Growing Conditions:

  • Plant in a full sun to partial shade location
  • Requires moist well-drained soil
  • Prefers acidic soil
  • Consider applying a thick mulch around root zone to insulate in exposed or cooler locations
  • Intolerant of urban pollution

Maintenance:

  • Regular maintenance
  • Best pruned in late winter or early spring once the threat of extreme cold has passed

Northland Blueberry (Vaccinium ’Northland’)

Hybrid for sub-zero climates. Scarlet-red fall foliage, low spreading habit.

Features:

  • Spread: 40"
  • Height: 4’
  • Zone: 3
  • Taste: Wild berry
  • Fruit size: Small
  • Colour: Dark blue
  • Fruit Ripens: Mid to late season

Northsky Blueberry (Vaccinium ’Northsky’)

White blooms in spring, glossy green foliage. Red fall color. Hardy cultivar.

Features:

  • Spread: 24 - 30"
  • Height: 40"
  • Zone: 3
  • Taste: Sweet
  • Fruit size: Small
  • Colour: Blue
  • Fruit Ripens: Mid season

Northblue Blueberry (Vaccinium ’Northblue’)

A dwarf, multistem deciduous shrub with an upright, spreading habit of growth. Produces dainty clusters of white-pink, bell-shaped flowers in mid-spring. Large, dark blueberries. Good producer of sweet fruit in mid-summer. Excellent for eating fresh, cooking, baking, and making jams and jellies. Features glossy green foliage throughout the season, turning to a bright orange-red color in fall. Requires a different selection of the same species in order to pollinate.

Features:

  • Spread: 30"
  • Height: 40"
  • Zone: 3
  • Taste: Sweet
  • Fruit size: Large
  • Colour: Dark blue
  • Fruit Ripens: Mid season
  • Attracts birds

Optimal Growing Conditions:

  • Plant in a full sun to partial shade location
  • Prefers moist, well-drained soil
  • Prefers acidic soil
  • Consider applying a thick mulch around root zone to insulate in exposed or cooler locations
  • Intolerant of urban pollution

Maintenance:

  • Regular maintenance
  • Best pruned in late winter or early spring once the threat of extreme cold has passed

Northcountry Blueberry (Vaccinium ’Northcountry’)

White blooms in spring, glossy green foliage. Red fall color.

Features:

  • Spread: 24"
  • Height: 40"
  • Zone: 3
  • Taste: Wild berry
  • Fruit size: Large
  • Colour: Blue
  • Fruit Ripens: Late season

These self-pollinating ever-bearing fruits are excellent for planting in containers and prefer moist, well-drained soil.

Uses:
Fresh eating, freezing, jams/jellies, baking/desserts, beauty products.

Albion Strawberry (fragaria x ananassa ’Albion’)

Disease resistant variety.

Features:

  • Spread: 12 - 18"
  • Height: 12 - 18"
  • Zone: 3
  • Taste: Sweet
  • Fruit size: Large
  • Colour: Deep red
  • Fruit Ripens: Mid spring to fall

Tri-star Strawberry (fragaria x ananassa ’Tri-star’)

Heavy Producer.

Features:

  • Spread: Colonies
  • Height: 6 - 8"
  • Zone: 2
  • Taste: Sweet
  • Fruit size: Medium
  • Colour: Jewel red
  • Fruit Ripens: Late spring to frost

These self-fertile shrubs prefer sandy-loamy, moist, well-drained soil and are drought tolerant once established. Maximum fruit production is obtained in full sun. Fruit Ripens late June or early July.

Uses:
Fresh eating, freezing, jams/jellies, baking/desserts.

Standing Ovation Saskatoon (Amelanchier a. ’Obelisk’)

White blooms in spring, yellow-orange fall colour. Hardy, upright, columnar and compact.

Features:

  • Spread: 4’
  • Height: 16’
  • Zone: 2
  • Taste: Medium sweet
  • Fruit size: Large
  • Colour: Purple-blue

Smokey Saskatoon (Amelanchier a. ’Smokey’)

Highest sugar to acid ratio. Large white blooms in spring and yellow-red fall foliage

Features:

  • Spread: 8’
  • Height: 6’
  • Zone: 2
  • Taste: Medium sweet
  • Fruit size: Small
  • Colour: Deep blue

Native Saskatoon (Amelanchier alnifolia)

A very hardy, native, multistem, deciduous shrub with an upright, spreading habit of growth. White early to mid spring blooms are followed by dark blue, edible berries. Late spring fruit is excellent for fresh eating, baking, and making jams and jellies. Dark green leaves throughout the season, turning to an orange colour in fall. Self-pollinator. Versatile and low maintenance. Deer do not particularly care for this plant.

Features:

  • Spread: 5’
  • Height: 5’
  • Zone: 2
  • Taste: Medium sweet
  • Fruit size: Small
  • Colour: Purple-black
  • Attracts birds
  • Edible fruit
  • Deer resistant
  • Orange fall color

Optimal Growing Conditions:

  • Plant in a full sun to partial shade location; maximum berry production in full sun location
  • Requires moist well drained soil until established, and then can tolerate both dry and moist locations
  • Considered to be drought tolerant
  • Somewhat tolerant of urban pollution

Maintenance:

  • Low maintenance 
  • Prune in late winter or early spring once the threat of extreme cold has passed

Thiessen Saskatoon (Amelanchier a. ’Thiessen’)

Hardy, native shrub with leathery green leaves and creamy white spring blooms

Features:

  • Spread: 6’
  • Height: 6’
  • Zone: 2
  • Taste: Medium sweet
  • Fruit size: Small
  • Colour: Purple-black

 

Click here for a downloadable version of the Haskap pollination chart!

Haskaps

Hardy fruit described as a cross between blueberries and raspberries. Prefers well-drained soils.

Uses:
Fresh eating, jams/jellies, baking

Tundra Haskap (Lonicera caerulea kamtschatica ’Tundra’)

Features:

  • Spread: 36 - 48"
  • Height: 36 - 48"
  • Zone: 2
  • Taste: Sweet/tangy
  • Fruit size: Large
  • Colour: Deep Blue
  • Fruit Ripens: Early summer

Borealis Haskap (Lonicera caerulea kamtschatica ’Borealis’)

Features:

  • Spread: 36 - 48"
  • Height: 36 - 48"
  • Zone: 2
  • Taste: Sweet/tangy
  • Fruit size: Large
  • Colour: Deep Blue
  • Fruit Ripens: Early summer

Indigo Series Haskap (Lonicera caerulea kamtschatica)

 

Aurora Haskap (Lonicera caerulea kamtschatica ’Aurora’)

Features:

  • Spread: 36 - 48"
  • Height: 36 - 48"
  • Zone: 2
  • Taste: Sweet/tangy
  • Fruit size: Large
  • Colour: Deep Blue
  • Fruit Ripens: Early summer

Honey Bee Haskap (Lonicera caerulea kamtschatica ’Honey Bee’)

Features:

  • Spread: 5.5 - 6.5’
  • Height: 5.5 - 6.5’
  • Zone: 2
  • Taste: Tart
  • Fruit size: Large
  • Colour: Deep Blue
  • Fruit Ripens: Late spring to early summer

Berry Blue Haskap (Lonicera caerulea kamtschatica)

 

Blue Belle Haskap (Lonicera caerulea kamtschatica )

 

Cinderella Haskap (Lonicera caerulea kamtschatica)

 

Uses:
Wildlife food.

Silver Buffaloberry (Shepherdia Canadensis)

A native, multistem deciduous shrub with an upright, spreading habit of growth. A very tough plant that will grow in the coldest, and dryest areas. Features, narrow, silver, fuzzy foliage throughout the season on thorny branches. Produces small, fragrant yellow flowers in early spring, followed by red, ornamental fruit in late summer to early fall. Smooth brown bark and silver branches give this plant an appealing winter interest. Deer do not particularly care for this plant. 

Features:

  • Spread: 13’
  • Height: 10’
  • Zone: 2
  • Taste: Sour/bitter
  • Fruit size: Small
  • Colour: Red
  • Fruit Ripens: Late summer
  • Silver fall color
  • Sharp thorns
  • Produces suckers
  • Attracts birds
  • Winter interest
  • Deer resistant
  • Xeriscape

Optimal Growing Conditions:

  • Plant in a full sun location
  • Prefers dry to average moisture levels, with very well-drained soil and will not tolerate standing water.
  • Tolerant of poor, salty, and alkaline soils
  • Highly tolerant of urban pollution and is able to handle environmental salt

Maintenance:

  • Ocassional maintenance
  • Best pruned in late winter or early spring once the threat of extreme cold has passed

 

Uses:
Savory jams/chutneys, pies.

Canadian Native Gooseberry (Ribes oxycanthoides)

Features:

  • Spread: 30"
  • Height: 30"
  • Zone: 2
  • Taste: Tart
  • Fruit size: Medium
  • Colour: Yellow-green
  • Fruit Ripens: Summer

 

Uses:
Fresh eating, jams/jellies, baking/desserts.

Josta Berry

*NEW* A multistem deciduous shrub with upright, thornless stems. A cross between a black currant and a gooseberry. Late-June fruit rippens and turns black. Sweet taste and excellent for jellies and fresh eating. Features green foliage throughout the season, turning to a yellow colour in fall. Deer do not particularly care for this plant. 

Features:

  • Spread: 4’
  • Height: 4’
  • Zone: 3
  • Taste: Sweet
  • Fruit size: Medium
  • Colour: Dark purple
  • Fruit Ripens: Mid summer
  • Yellow fall color
  • Edible fruit
  • Self-pollinating
  • Attracts hummingbirds
  • Attracts birds
  • Deer resistant

Optimal Growing Conditions:

  • Plant in a full sun location
  • Prefers fertile, well-drained soil
  • Somewhat tolerant of urban pollution

Maintenance:

  • Occasional maintenance
  • Best pruned in late winter or early spring once the threat of extreme cold has passed
  • Requires regular pruning for best fruit production

 

Uses:
Fresh eating, jams/jellies, dried, medicinal & herbal.

Goji Berry (Lycium barbarum)

A multistem deciduous shrub with an upright, spreading habit of growth. Easy to grow. This thorny shrub produces trumpet shaped purple blooms in early summer, followed by bright red edible berries from summer until late fall. Blooms on new wood. Features green foliage throughout the season, turning to a yellow colour in fall. Considered to be a superfruit. Deer do not particularly care for this plant.

Features:

  • Spread: 8 - 10’
  • Height: 10 - 12’
  • Zone: 3
  • Taste: Sweet
  • Fruit size: Medium
  • Colour: Red-orange
  • Fruit Ripens: Summer to heavy frost
  • Sharp thorns
  • Soil stabilization
  • Attracts birds
  • Deer resistant
  • Yellow fall colour
  • Self-pollinating

Optimal Growing Conditions:

  • Plant in a full sun to partial shade location
  • Requires well-drained conditions
  • Considered to be drought tolerant once established
  • Highly tolerant of urban pollution

Maintenance:

  • Occasional maintenance
  • Best pruned in late winter or early spring once the threat of extreme cold has passed
  • Shears well

 

Uses:
Can be used in Jams/Jellies and baking. More commonly used for its medicinal and cosmetic properties, and for wildlife food.

Sea Buckthron (Hippophae Rhamnoides)

A large, open, multistem thorny shrub, with a more or less rounded form. Features narrow, silver foliage throughout the season. Tiny yellow spring blooms. Ornamental orange berries are held from mid-fall throughout the winter, providing a significant winter interest. Fruit is excellent for making jams and jellies. Only female plants produce fruit. Requires a male pollinator.

Features:

  • Spread: 13’
  • Height: 16’
  • Zone: 2
  • Taste: Sour, oily, dry
  • Fruit size: Small
  • Colour: Yellow-orange
  • Fruit Ripens: Late season
  • Produces suckers
  • Soil stabilization
  • Attarcts birds
  • Edible fruit
  • Winter interest

Optimal Growing Conditions:

  • Plant in a full sun location
  • Requires dry to average moisture levels with very well drained soil
  • Prefers alkaline and clay soils
  • Considered to be drought tolerant
  • Highly tolerant of urban pollution and is able to handle environmental salt

Maintenance:

  • Occasional maintenance
  • Best pruned in late winter or early spring once the threat of extreme cold has passed

Chokeberry

Ornamental shrub with clusters of white blooms from mid spring to late summer. Glossy green foliage turns brilliant red in fall.

Uses:
Fresh eating, jams/jellies

Autumn Magic Black Chokeberry (Aronica melanocarpa ’Autumn Magic’)

Features:

  • Spread: 40 - 60"
  • Height: 40 - 60"
  • Zone: 3
  • Taste: Tart
  • Fruit size: Medium
  • Colour: Light red
  • Fruit Ripens: Mid season

Uses:
Fresh eating, jams/jellies

Red Lake Currant (Ribes rubrum ’Red Lake’)

Vigorous, highly ornamental shrub, often used as hedge or in small growing areas and containers. Self-fertile and produces berries on 2-3 year old wood. Very productive.

Features:

  • Spread: 40 - 60"
  • Height: 40 - 60"
  • Zone: 3
  • Taste: Tart
  • Fruit size: Medium
  • Colour: Light red
  • Fruit Ripens: Mid season

Alpine Currant (Ribes alpinium)

A dense, multistem deciduous shrub with a more or less rounded form. A tough and adaptable plant. A dense shrub with small yellow blooms in spring. Densely branched with leaves to the ground. Features glossy green foliage throughout the season turning to a bright yellow colour in fall. Responsive to shearing. Produces red berries from late spring to early summer. Deer do not particularly care for this plant.

Features:

  • Spread: 5’
  • Height: 4’
  • Zone: 3
  • Taste: Sour/sweet
  • Fruit size: Small
  • Colour: Red
  • Fruit Ripens: Late season
  • Attracts birds
  • Deer resistant
  • Xeriscape
  • Yellow fall colour

Optimal Growing Conditions:

  • Plant in a full sun to partial shade location
  • Adaptable to both dry and moist conditions
  • Considered to be drought tolerant
  • Highly tolerant of urban pollution

Maintenance:

  • Occasional maintenance
  • Prune at any time