- Decide on the best tree according to the location and environmental condition.
- Dig your hole 1.5-2 times wider than the diameter of the root ball.
- Wire basket: you shouldn’t need to dig any deeper than the basket.
- Pots: you want the hole to be at least 1-2 feet deeper than the pot.
- You want the tree to be sitting on soil not clay, as clay does not allow water to drain away.
- Place tree in hole ensuring that it is straight and level with finished grade.
- Backfill the hole halfway with high quality soil.
- Wire basket: remove the string, bend down or remove the wire ears below the surface and remove the burlap from the top of the root ball.
- Pots: Make sure there are no circulating roots. Massage the roots to allow them to root in faster.
- If there are a few circulating roots, cut into the root ball about an inch deep, in 5 different places. If it has lots of circulating roots cut one inch of roots off to allow the new roots grow into the soil and not in a circle.
- If using MYKE, rub it into the roots.
- Finish backfilling the rest of hole with top soil or a good compost.
- Water the tree in thoroughly, this will let the soil compact and the air bubbles out. May need to top up soil.
- Add fertilizer if you did not use MYKE. Fertilize with a high middle number (Ex. 10-52-10). Follow instructions on fertilizer.
- Prune off any branches that may have been damaged during planting.
- Stake tree if in a windy location or to give additional support. Never allow the ties to cut off circulation or cut into tree bark. Do not stake a tree for more than 2 years.
- Mulch the tree to increase the water retaining capacity of the soil (12a). Use 2”-4” of mulch (12b), keep it 1”-2” away from tree flare (12c).
- If the tree becomes too wet, rake the mulch off the roots to allow them to dry out faster.
There is no magic answer to how much to water a tree.
How often to water depends on weather conditions, location, size of plant, etc. To determine if a plant needs water, carefully probe close to the root ball and check the moisture level up to 12" down. Be aware that a plant that is too wet will wilt, similar to one that is too dry. When it is time to water, newly planted plants benefit from deep soaking. Turn the hose on low, place it close to the base of the plant and allow water to soak into the root area over an extended period of time (5 to 20 minutes depending on size), then let the surface dry before watering again. This encourages deep root production. It is important to water in plants well just prior to freeze up, even mature plants.
Things to Avoid
- Do not leave your tree roots out in the sun.
- Do not plant on top of the roots of the tree; this includes grass and flowers.
- Do not put filter fabric over the roots.
- Do not over water your tree, or let your tree sit in water.
- Do not give your tree fertilizer after August 1st.
If you think something is wrong call us, email us or come in and see us. Take pictures of the problem so we can see what is going on.